Is There A Conflict Between Yoga And Bhoga (material Pleasures) ?
Summary: Is it ok for a Yogi to do business, make money and enjoy material conveniences? Or is there a contradiction between Yoga and Bhoga? What does being a Spiritual person or a Yogi truly mean? Where does religion fit into spirituality and is Yoga linked to any particular religion? How does one enhances one's Life beyond physical possessions? Sadhguru and Baba Ramdev answer some of these topics in conversation with Prasoon Joshi during 'Rising India Summit 2019' .
article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org
Rising India - In Conversation With Sadhguru And Baba Ramdev
Yoga and Bhoga – Conflict or Synergy?
Prasoon Joshi: Sadhguru, and specially Babaji, yoga and bhoga are understood as two different things. In common understanding, when we talk about yog, it seems as if there is an inward journey. You are lonely, there is sadhana there; there is a certain concept of yog.
Baba Ramdev: Very few people know the right definition of yoga and bhoga. Whatever resources one has in life, whatever kind of prosperity is there, our body, mind, sense organs – what is visible in the universe, this is called bhoga. Soul, Supreme Soul, peace, happiness – that which is not visible is called yoga. So yoga and bhoga are not in conflict at all. If we first establish ourselves in yoga and then do bhoga, and if it is rightly utilized, it will contribute towards the development of the nation. That is when a Rising India will happen.
Prasoon Joshi: Absolutely. You have explained this nicely. But there is a contradiction in people’s minds. When we look at Sadhguru, riding a bike, flying a plane, playing golf, mentoring CEOs or collaborating with CEOs of the companies… they don’t think these things could be a part of yoga. On the other hand, when they see Baba Ramdev… He is discussed as someone who has a strategic mind of how marketing should be done in today’s India, and he’s found an innovative way of doing it. And of course his company is a case study. Is there a contradiction between yoga and bhog?
Spirituality Is No Disability
Sadhguru: Well, certain people think, yoga, the spiritual process, or spirituality is some kind of disability. That is their understanding, unfortunately. If spirituality was a disability, we should ban it immediately. Why practice a disability? Spirituality is a way of empowering yourself in such a way that we can enhance life to a point where other people will think it is superhuman. Because as life, we have only two ingredients – there is time and there is energy. Time is rolling away for all of us at the same pace. It is only the energy we can manage.
Yoga is a way of mastering your energy in such a way that if you live for ten years, it looks like you have been here for hundred years – that is the amount of work and activity you did. If someone is not in yoga, in my understanding, they are not interested in life. They are waiting for death. They may not realize that consciously, but that is exactly the situation, because they are letting time go by without enhancing their energies. By accumulations your life is not enhanced. Maybe in other people’s eyes you are enhanced. But as a life you are in no way enhanced. Only by enhancing your energy, only by having mastery over your own system, do you have access and a purchase into this life.
Wherever I go, people are asking this question: “A yogi is doing business – is it alright?” Well, this is a rags to riches story [referring to Baba Ramdev], but still consciously he remains in rags. How many people can do this? We are missing the whole point. Sanyas means indiscriminate passion towards everything, but dispassion towards yourself. If you have dispassion towards everyone else, I think that’s a crime.
Spirituality – Only for a Privileged Few?
Prasoon Joshi: Another question which comes up is, is spirituality for the privileged class and dharm for masses? Do you think yoga should be linked with a religion, or should it be agnostic?
Sadhguru: This idea of a sectarian religion is an imported idea for us. In this culture, we had no religion, and we still do not have; we are only trying to pretend we have, but we are struggling with it. Because the fundamental definition and the requirement for you to be religious is, you must have a set of beliefs. Spiritual process means you are a seeker. The fundamental qualification to be a seeker is you have realized that you do not know a whole lot of things about life. If for whatever you do not know, you make up a story and believe in it, that is religion. That is not the nature of our nation. This nation is a land of seekers.
Even when so-called divine entities came, they could not give us commandments of any kind. All they got were questions. Shiva opens his mouth to his beloved wife, she freaks him with questions. Krishna, after many years of waiting with someone who is a very intimate friend [referring to Arjuna], at the edge of a battlefield, he tries to say something – that guy has a hundred questions. Who has been able to give a commandment and say, “This is it”? That is not our nation.
Ignorance as a Possibility
Sadhguru: Here, we are a land of seekers. We understand the intelligence of ignorance. We understand “I do not know” is the greatest possibility in our lives. The moment we see “I do not know,” the longing to know, the seeking to know, and the possibility of knowing becomes a living reality in our lives. But if you destroy “I do not know” with a set of belief systems, that is what you call religion.
You are talking about the rural areas or underprivileged people. If I go to remote villages, people don’t ask, “Give me a golden horse or something.” First thing they say is, “I want liberation.” Is this spiritual or religious? Just go to any village and talk to people. If someone looks like me, people will say, “We want mukti.” They want freedom from everything. They don’t want a ticket to heaven. They don’t want to go and sit in God’s lap. They don’t want pleasures up there. They want liberation. This is the spiritual process. The entire country is soaked in it. Now we are systematically trying to destroy this, unfortunately.
But the real ethos of this nation is we are a land of seekers. We must keep it that way, because in seeking, there is no conflict. Only in believing, there is conflict. The moment you believe one thing and I believe something else, we have already started conflict.
Baba Ramdev: See, in India, spirituality and religion are treated as one. The highest way to conduct one’s life is called dharma. In India, principles, highest ideals, and the highest values of life are looked upon as religion as well as spirituality. In other countries, when they translated it [dharma] to English, they called it religion and spirituality and it got distorted.