Four Paths Of Yoga – Sadhguru Elaborates

Sadhguru explains the four different paths of yoga - karma, kriya, gnana and bhakti, and elaborates on their significance.


The Four Paths Of Yoga

August 14, 2012

8 min read

Summary: The four realities in your life are - body, mind, emotion and energy. The four paths of yoga are around these four realities of your existence. If you use your emotions to reach your ultimate nature, that is bhakti yoga. If you use your mind, that is gnana yoga.  If you use your body, physical action, that is karma yoga. And if you use your energies, that is kriya yoga. On a spiritual path, why so much significance is given to a live guru, is because, he can mix these in the right proportion for you. What works for one person, may not work for the other. These four dimensions have to work together.

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article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org

The Types of Yoga: Understanding the Four Essential Paths

Questioner: Sadhguru, there are so many different types of yoga. How do I know which kind of yoga is best for me?

Sadhguru: Right now, the only things which are in your experience are your body, your mind, and your emotions. You know them to some extent, and you can infer that if these three things have to happen the way they are happening, there must be an energy that makes them happen. Without energy, all this cannot be happening. Some of you might have experienced it. Others can easily infer that for these three things to function, there must be an energy behind them. For example, a microphone amplifies a person’s voice. Even if you don’t know anything about the microphone, you can infer that there is a source that powers it.

4 types of yoga for 4 aspects

These are the only four realities in your life: body, mind, emotion, and energy. Whatever you wish to do with yourself, it must be on these four levels. Whatever you wish to do, you can only do it with your body, your mind, your emotions or your energy. If you use your emotions and try to reach the ultimate, we call this bhakti yoga. That means the path of devotion. If you use your intelligence and try to reach the ultimate, we call this gnana yoga. That means the path of intelligence. If you use your body, or physical action to reach the ultimate, we call this karma yoga. That means the path of action. If you transform your energies and try to reach the ultimate, we call this kriya yoga. That means internal action.

These are the only four realities in your life: body, mind, emotion, and energy. Whatever you wish to do with yourself, it must be on these four levels.

These are the only four ways you can get somewhere: either through karma, gnana, bhakti or kriya – body, mind, emotion, or energy. “No, no, I am on the path of faith. I don’t need to do anything else.” Is there anyone who is only head, no heart, hands and energy? Is there anyone who is only heart, not the other things? You are a combination of these four things. It is just that in one person the heart may be dominant, in another person the head may be dominant, in yet another person the hands may be dominant, but everybody is a combination of these four. So you need a combination of these four. It is just that, only if it is mixed in the right way for you, it works best for you. What we give for one person, if it is given to you, it may not work well for you because that person is so much heart and this much head. That is why on the spiritual path there is so much stress on a live Guru. He mixes the cocktail right for you, otherwise there is no punch.

Uniting the four types of yoga

It happened once. Four men were walking in the forest. The first was a gnana yogi, the second was a bhakti yogi, the third was a karma yogi, and the fourth was a kriya yogi.

Usually, these four people can never be together. The gnana yogi has total disdain for all other types of yoga. His is the yoga of intelligence, and normally, an intellectual has complete disdain for everyone else, particularly these bhakti types, who look upward and chant God’s name all the time. They look like a bunch of idiots to him.

But a bhakti yogi, a devotee, thinks all this gnana, karma and kriya yoga is a waste of time. He pities the others who don’t see that when God is here, all you need to do is hold His hand and walk. All this mind-splitting philosophy, this bone-bending yoga, is not needed; God is here, because God is everywhere.

Then there is the karma yogi, the man of action. He thinks all the other types of yogis, with their fancy philosophies, are just lazy.

But a kriya yogi is the most disdainful of all. He laughs at everyone. Don’t they know that all of existence is energy? If you don’t transform your energy, whether you long for God or you long for anything else, nothing is going to happen. There will be no transformation.

These four people customarily can’t get along. But today they happened to be walking together in the forest and a storm broke out. It grew very intense and began raining heavily. They started running, looking for shelter.

The bhakti yogi, the devotion man, said, “In this direction there is an ancient temple. Let’s go there.” He’s a devotee; he knows the geography of temples very well!

They all ran in that direction. They came to an ancient temple. All the walls had crumbled long ago; just the roof and four columns remained. They rushed into the temple; not out of love for God, but just to escape the rain.

There was a deity in the center. They ran towards it. The rain was lashing down from every direction. There was no other place to go, so they moved closer and closer. Finally, there was no alternative. They just hugged the deity and sat down.

The moment these four people hugged the idol, there was a huge fifth presence. Suddenly, God appeared.

In all their four minds the same question arose: Why now? They wondered, “We expounded so many philosophies, did so many poojas, served so many people, did so much body-breaking sadhana, but you didn’t come. Now when we’re just escaping the rain, you turn up. Why?”

God said, “At last you four idiots got together!”

If these dimensions don’t walk together, human beings will be one big mess. Right now, for most people, these dimensions are aligned in different directions. Your mind is thinking and feeling one way, your physical body is going another way, your energy another way. Yoga is simply the science of aligning these three dimensions.

Yoga – The ultimate union

When we say “yoga”, for many of you it probably means some impossible physical postures. That is not what we are referring to here. Yoga simply means to be in perfect tune. When you are in yoga, your body, mind and energy and existence are in absolute harmony. When your body and mind are in a relaxed state and at a certain level of blissfulness, you can be free of so many nagging ailments. Let us say, you go and sit in your office with a nagging headache. Your headache is not a major disease, but just that throbbing could take away some of your enthusiasm for work and perhaps some of your capability for that day. But with the practice of yoga, your body and mind can be kept at the highest possible peak.

When you experience everything as one in your consciousness, then you are in yoga

The word “yoga” literally means “union.” When you experience everything as one in your consciousness, then you are in yoga. To attain to that unity within you, there are many ways. For example, there is hatha yoga. Hatha yoga means you start with the body. The body itself has its own attitudes, its own ego, its own nature. Apart from your mind, do you see, your body has its own ego? Suppose you say, “From tomorrow, I want to get up at five in the morning and walk on the beach.” You set the alarm. The alarm rings. You want to get up but your body says, “Shut up and sleep.” It has its own way.

So we start with the body. Hatha yoga is a way of working with the body, disciplining the body, purifying the body, and preparing the body for higher levels of energy. All of us are alive, all of us are human beings. But all of us do not experience life to the same intensity because our pranic energies are not the same. Different people experience life in different levels of intensity.

For example, someone sees a tree. A tree is just a tree. Most people don’t even see it. Somebody sees the tree in more detail. An artist sees every shade of it. Someone else not only sees the tree but also sees the divine in it. Seeing is not the same because the level of intensity with which you experience life is not the same.

The whole process of yoga is to take you from something that you know, and take the next step into the unknown. We have made this yogic science almost like a physical science

The whole process of yoga is to take you from something that you know, and take the next step into the unknown. We have made this yogic science almost like a physical science. Suppose you mix two parts of hydrogen and one part of oxygen, you get water. Even when a great scientist puts it together, it is water. Even if an idiot puts it together, it is only water. Similarly, in yoga too, whether a great yogi does it or an ignorant person does it, it does not matter. If he does the practices and sadhana properly, the result is there to be seen.

In yoga, these systems have been identified. To start with, you work with the body, then you move to the breath, then to the mind, then to the inner self. Like this many steps have been created. They are only different aspects. They are not really different types of yoga. In fact, we address all of them at once. It is important that in a very balanced way all of them are addressed at once, as one unit. Otherwise, if you work just with the body, it is only preparatory in nature. So, there is really no division as such. Yoga is a union of all these.


What Is Karma Yoga?

May 26, 2014

4 min read

Summary: Karma Yoga has been misunderstood as service. It is not that. Yoga does not need karma, yoga is to go beyond karma. But right now, you need some activity - that is why the crutch of karma yoga. It is needed to manage your awareness. Karma yoga is to joyfully involve yourself in any activity. Sadhguru says - "To do something which does not mean anything to you but with total involvement is what breaks the karmic structure".

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article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org

What Is Karma Yoga and Why Is It Needed?

Question: What is the role of karma yoga in sadhana?

Sadhguru: It is not needed really. Yoga does not need karma. Yoga is to go beyond karma. Why karma yoga has been brought in is to bring about balance in a person. Whatever we call as our awareness, our love, our experience or our glimpses of our reality, if it has to be sustained, the path of non-doing is a very wonderful path, but it is very slippery. Extremely slippery. It is the simplest and the most difficult. It is not difficult but it is not at all easy, because it is simple – right now, here and now. But that here and now – how to get it? Whatever you do, it is not in your hands. It is never going to be in your hands. But your hands need something right now, you need to hold something. That is why the crutch of karma yoga.

Without the crutch, most people will not be able to walk. There are a few beings who can walk without the crutch from the first moment. They are very rare beings. Everyone else needs the crutch to manage your awareness. Without this, most people are incapable of remaining aware. So karma yoga is brought into your life to properly temper sadhana with the right kind of action.

Activity – liberating or entangling

Karma yoga has unfortunately been described as service, but it is not so.

Karma yoga has unfortunately been described as service, but it is not so. It is a way of undoing the impressions that you have gathered. If you can joyfully involve yourself in any activity, that is karma yoga. If you do it with great effort, only karma will come, no yoga will happen!

Generally it is through various activities that you perform that you get entangled and enmeshed with life. But if the activity becomes a process of liberation instead of entanglement, it is karma yoga. Whether it is work or walking on the street or talking to someone, the nature of the activity is not important. When you do something only because it is needed, where it does not mean anything to you but you are capable of involving yourself as if that is your life, it transforms you and action becomes liberating.

When we were building the Dhyanalinga, people thought, “This is it! He wants this to happen. Let us do it! Once this is done, we can relax.” They worked like their life depended on it. They went from house to house, raising funds and bringing the necessary support and made it happen. When it was done, before they said “Ooff…” I announced ten different projects. I will always keep it on because people need that kind of action. They need to do what is needed without worrying about their fulfillment and their likes and dislikes. Anyway we are doing something for our growth, so let us do something that is useful to everyone. Let us do sensible action.

Total involvement

To do something which does not mean anything to you but with total involvement is what breaks the karmic structure

There have been many masters who created action like this. When Gurdjieff started his centers in Europe, the European elite went to him. In the morning he would give them a shovel and a pickaxe and tell them, “Dig trenches.” In the hot sun, they stood and dug and dug. These were not people who are used to labor of any kind. By the time they had worked a few hours, they had blisters all over. He stood there and drove them on. By late evening, they were hungry but they worked and worked, digging trenches. Then he would look at the watch, “Okay, it is seven o‘clock. Looks like dinner time. All of you can close the trenches again before we go for dinner.” A whole day’s work!

Doing something that does not mean anything to you with total involvement is what breaks the karmic structure. Karma means action. If action has to become yoga, action should be liberating. If your activity has become a process of binding yourself, it is karma. So the question is not about how much activity you do. How you are performing the activity is what makes the difference. If you are crawling through your work, that is karma. If you are dancing through your work, that is karma yoga.


What Is The Significance Of Karma Yoga?

January 6, 2016

6 min read

Summary: Sadhguru says, in the state you are right now, there is still need for action. Someone who doesn't know intense action, can not move into inaction. So, choose the action that you want to do - either to rule the world, or to serve the world. And do it with absolute intensity. Sadhguru narrates a beautiful story of a Zen master - "No Work, No Food".

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article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org

The Purpose of Karma Yoga in the Seeker’s Journey

Q: Sadhguru, how do I go beyond action or karma yoga? Personally, I have no urge to do anything. I feel like drifting towards a state of non-doing.

Sadhguru: When a person has made ultimate reality the goal in his life, action becomes meaningless. Once action is meaningless, any kind of self-image is of no great significance; but right now, in the state you are in, there is still a need for action. You have not yet reached a point where you have transcended action. You are unable to be without action. So, perform the kind of action you think is best right now and do what is needed for the situation.

A man who does not know action – real, intense action – can never move into inaction. If you try, inaction will just become lethargy. People who are always resting in their life must be experts about rest, but that is not the truth. People who have never been on fire will not know the coolness of water. People who have just lived their life in a half-hearted manner, sedately, can never know the other way. So, intense activity, at least for a while can be useful for your energies to reach a boiling point and get moving. Then, to transform them into something else is very easy. That’s the whole purpose of karma or action. A sadhaka chooses action for this reason. We are going to perform action anyway. But we have the choice to perform Adolf Hitler’s or Mahatma Gandhi’s type of action. That’s all there is to it. Anyway we have to perform action, so let us do it whole-heartedly and choose the form of action.

Rule or Serve – What’s Your Choice?

Do you want to rule the world or do you want to serve the world? Ultimately, that’s the choice. Normally, everyone wants to rule the world. It is just that because most people are half-hearted, they are only able to rule their family! But what they really want is to rule the world. They don’t have the capacity or the intensity to do it. Otherwise, they would be a potential Hitler.

So, the choice is to rule or to serve. Choose whichever kind of action you think is most harmonious and closest to divinity and realization. Every moment, do it with tremendous intensity, without giving it a single moment’s break. Then, a day will come when action is not needed anymore. If you really want to know this “non-doing” business, first you must discover what doing is. You have not done that yet. In every waking moment and even in my sleep, unceasingly I pursue this work of offering myself, physically and mentally. It is only out of that, that all of this has happened in my life. It has become so powerful simply because it does not mean anything to me, but I am at it twenty-four hours. This has a different kind of power. That is the whole meaning of sacrifice. It is only out of that, that something else happens – both inside and outside – which can never be put into words.

A man who does not know action – real, intense action – can never move into inaction. If you try, inaction will just become lethargy.

This is how every powerful individual in this world is created. This is the science of creating a truly powerful being. This is not power to rule. This is not a power that can be taken away at any moment. No one can take it away, because wherever you are put, that is what you do. If you want to rule, you have to sit on the seat. If someone pulls you off the seat, you will be miserable. This is not like that. Wherever you are put – heaven or hell – you just do your work. This releases you from the fruit of action. Once you are released from the fruit of action, the action will happen by itself. You don’t have to stop working to be released from action. It will simply dissolve, melt and disappear. Once the expectation of the fruit of action is completely removed from your life, the action occurs by itself. You don’t have to do anything about it.

“No Work, No Food”

In one of the Zen monasteries, there was an old Master who was over eighty years old. Every day, he worked his heart out in the gardens. In Zen monasteries, gardening is one of the most important parts of the sadhana. Day in and day out, people spend time in the garden. This Master had been doing this for years. Now, he was over eighty and had become weak, but he did not stop. The whole day, he worked in the garden. Many times his disciples tried to dissuade him, “Stop working, we are all here, we will do it.” But he just went on doing what he could. His capacity to work physically might have come down, but the intensity had not.

If you run away and sit on the mountain, you will not become free. It has to be worked out. This is the way to work it out.

So, one day the disciples took away his tools and hid them somewhere, as he would work only with these tools. That day, he did not eat. The next day, there were no tools again, so he did not eat. The third day also, no tools; he did not eat. By then they got scared, “Oh! Because we hid the tools, he is angry. He is not eating.” Once again, they replaced the tools where they were usually placed. On the fourth day, he worked and ate. Then in the evening, he gave his teaching: “No work, no food,” and he went back and died. That was the last day. The four days of fasting were too much for him; but the last day he worked, he ate, then he left his body, and he just gave this teaching: “No work, no food.” For this kind of a man, action is like this. Hell, heaven or earth, wherever he is put, he will be the same. Once you are like this, you are released from the external situation.

By just closing your eyes, you will not become released. The moment you open them, everything will come back and catch up with you. If you run away and sit on the mountain, you will not become free. It has to be worked out. This is the way to work it out.


What Is Kriya Yoga?

July 15, 2014

6 min read

Summary: Kriya means internal action. So, it is not on the level of your body and mind, it is on the level of your energies. Body, and mind are not reliable - they can be influenced easily. But, when you work on your energies, you will experience a different depth to life. Kriya yoga is a very powerful way, but also very demanding. It is not for those who are constantly seeking comfort. Kriya yoga is a path for those who want to do things beyond realization.  This is for those who want to know the mechanics of life making.

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article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org

Kriya Yoga – A Powerful Way To Walk The Spiritual Path

Sadhguru: Fundamentally, kriya means internal action. When you do inner action, it does not involve the body and the mind because both the body and the mind are still external to you. When you have a certain mastery to do action with your energy, then it is a kriya.

If you do external activity we call it karma. If you do internal activity we call it kriya. In a way, both are certain kind of karmas or both are certain kind of kriyas. But traditionally, or in the general sense of the term it is understood like this: karmas are those which bind you, kriyas are those which release you.

Once we start working with the energy in a certain way, it has a different kind of depth to life

Whatever we do with your body, your attitudes and your thought, for example today your thoughts may go in one direction. Tomorrow if another person comes and influences you, they will go another way. Similarly, whatever we do with your body, your body is well today so it likes asanas. Tomorrow morning if your body is stiff, you will hate asanas. Your emotions are not at all reliable. At any moment they can shift from this to that. But your energies are different. Once we start working with the energy in a certain way, it has a different kind of depth to life. Suddenly, there is a different dimension to every aspect of your life because your energies have been touched and activated in a completely different way.

A powerful way

Kriya yoga is a very powerful way to walk the spiritual path, but at the same time it is a very demanding way. What it demands out of a person is so tremendous. For a modern educated person today, kriya yoga would be inhuman because it needs that kind of discipline and a certain exactness about everything. Most people don’t have the body, the mind or the stability of emotion for the kriya yoga path anymore because right from childhood, people are in too much comfort. Comfort does not mean physical comfort. Sitting in a comfortable chair is not an obstruction. But your whole being is seeking comfort always, that is a great obstruction. If you are sitting on something which is comfortable, enjoy it – there is no problem about it. But if you are constantly seeking comfort, then that kind of mind and emotion is unsuitable for the path of kriya yoga. Kriya yoga cannot be done with people who are loose, people who talk “freedom” everywhere, “Am I not free to do this, am I not free to do that, can’t I eat this, can’t I sleep there?”

If you take someone into the path of kriya, if I tell you sleep with your legs up and head down, that is how you should sleep without asking questions because all of it can never be explained. You may understand as you go, but it can never be explained. And if it has to be explained, the essence of the kriya will be lost. If people start asking stupid logical questions for everything, kriyas cannot be imparted.

If we want to teach you kriyas just as a physical practice, I can write a book about it, and you can read and learn it. But if you want the kriya to be a live process, if we want the kriya to be imprinted into your system in a certain way, then it needs discipline and dedication. It needs trust to open up your energies to the other person so that you become absolutely vulnerable. He may do anything with you, and initially you will start wondering what the hell he is doing with you because the initial stages of kriyas can be such that you don’t know whether you are getting enlightened or you are going mad. You must have enough trust to sustain through those periods. Otherwise kriya will be difficult.

So generally on the path of kriya, most Gurus make the disciples wait. You come and you want to learn kriya yoga. “Okay, sweep the floor.” “No, I want to learn kriya yoga.” “That is why I said, sweep the floor.” You swept the floor for one year and said, “I did one year of sweeping.” “Oh, you are done with one year of sweeping the floor? Wash the dishes.” Just make him wait, wait, and wait. Use him, misuse him, abuse him, and still his trust does not shake, “Oh, there must be some reason.” When he comes to this, then he can be initiated into kriyas. Otherwise, once you power him in a particular way that his system is vibrant beyond normal standards, if his attitudes and emotions are not proper, he will cause immense damage to himself.

But in today’s world, to get that kind of time with people to make them wait and go through all this and when they come to that kind of trust, then imprinting this is a little remote. It is not impossible, but it is a little remote in the modern world.

The mechanics of life

Kriya yoga is important only if you want to do things beyond realization. If your interest is only to somehow escape this prison and get away, you just want enlightenment or mukti, then you don’t really have to walk the kriya yoga path because kriyas are so elaborate and involve so much discipline and focus. If you just want to be liberated, then kriyas can be used in a small way, it need not be too intense. Kriya as a whole path is not necessary because it needs too much application.

With the path of kriya you are not only seeking realization, you also want to know the mechanics of life-making

If you follow the path of kriya very intensely, without guidance it may take a few lifetimes to mature. If there is someone alive who can do things with you, then it can happen in this life. Otherwise kriya is a little roundabout way. With the path of kriya you are not only seeking realization, you also want to know the mechanics of life-making. You want to know the engineering of how life is built – what to do about it. That is why it is a much longer process.

People who have come up on kriya have a completely different kind of presence about them because of the mastery over their energies. They can dismantle life and put it back together. But if you are just pursuing other ways, like gnana for example, you are razor-sharp, you can do many things with your mind but still there is nothing much you can do with your energy. If you are on bhakti, there is nothing you can do and you don’t care, you only want to dissolve. If you are on the path of karma yoga, you do many things in the world, but you can do nothing with yourself. But kriya yogis can do whatever they wish with themselves in terms of energy and they can do a lot with the world also.


Can Classical Music Become Kriya Yoga?

May 18, 2017

7 min read

Summary: Sadhguru tells us that kriya means internal action, sound or music is an external action. So, for most people, sound or music is karma not kriya. But music can be transformed into kriya. It depends on the quality of the listener. If one's listening becomes very keen, then the listening is not just limited to the eardrums, every cell in the body can reverberate. Sadhguru says - "If your whole body can listen, what is just entertainment can become kriya yoga for sure."

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article originally published on isha.sadhguru.org

Can Music Become Yoga?

Q: Namaskaram. Since sound and energy are connected, by listening or playing different ragas, do we change the way our energy behaves, and in turn our thoughts and feelings? Is music a kind of kriya yoga itself?

Sadhguru: The word “kriya” means “internal action”. Sound, or nada, is largely an external action. Largely for most human beings, sound or expression of sound is a karma, not a kriya. It is an external action, not an internal action. There is a wonderful saying in the Kannada language in southern India, which says that whatever karma somebody else does, just by talking about it, it will become yours. Let’s say somebody committed murder. Whatever the karmic impact of such a violent act, by talking about it, it could become yours.

It is from this context that society was cultured so that you must talk about that which is pleasant for yourself and everyone around you. We are not trying to brush unpleasant things under the carpet. We are conscious of them, but life need not be an act of avoiding these things. Life should be a pursuit of the pleasant. Life is not a pursuit of avoiding the unpleasant. This is the fundamental difference between consciousness and morality. Morality means “thou shall not,” or how to avoid the unpleasant. Consciousness means creating the pleasant. If you do certain things, a pleasant structure forms around yourself and within yourself. If you do certain other things, the structures and patterns of unpleasantness will manifest within you and around you. Kriya means to do something about manifesting the internal structure beyond the physicality and psychological structure of who you are.

Impacting the Innermost Core

Kriya means to consciously structure the inner structure of your being – to do that act which impacts who you really are, not what you have gathered. The psychological and physiological structure is formed by the stuff you gathered from outside. But the innermost core, life itself, to impact this with the right kind of structure is kriya. What would be the ultimate structure? That kind of structure which leads to ultimate freedom and liberation is the only structure which is meaningful for the innermost core. Right now, all the distortions of life have happened to us because of the external layer that we have gathered, not because of the inner core of who we are.

Blueprint of Existence

Your question was, “Can we perform kriya yoga by uttering sounds or listening to sounds?” – I am using the word sound and not music because music is just a certain arrangement of sounds.

Of the seven notes that we normally know of, which are related to the seven colors and the seven chakras within the system, the twenty-two shrutis are micro-notes – these are the notes between the notes! The numbers that make up the ratios on the string are multiples of the prime numbers – one, two, three and five – this also represents the four elements, leaving out the element of space.

These twenty-two shrutis, these unifying prime numbers, this pattern that it forms, is a citadel by itself. You need to understand, an Indian classical musician is not singing set pieces. They start off with a raga, which is a certain basic pattern. Over that, depending upon the skill of the individual musician, he builds a whole citadel, and this citadel has a mathematical basis. We know today, as per modern science, that every structure in the universe can be reduced to a mathematical structure. That is the backbone or the blueprint of the existence.

This is the reason why when Indian classical music is being played, people will be counting numbers on their fingers and trying to understand the structure that the musician is trying to build. It is not only the aesthetic of it, it is the mathematics of it – the existential structures that are being built. Or in other words, by using music in a specific way, you can change the very structure of who you are. The very physiological and psychological structure can be transformed.

Going Beyond Color

Let us say we create a mathematical structure of compassion by uttering the right sounds, or we create a mathematical structure of love. If you sit here, No words or sappy things need to be said. Just using the sound, you will see tears of love, tears of ecstasy, tears of compassion, tears of grief – all these things will happen within a person.

Right now you are uttering sounds as karma, which means external manifestation. The same thing can become an internal manifestation, creating an inner format for your own liberation.

There are phenomenal legends of sages and seers of this country. For example, Thirunavukkarasar sang certain chants through which he unlocked a temple’s doors. In those days, the locks were made of a single lever. By uttering the right sounds, he opened the locks.

There are also fantastic things said about Tansen and his guru Haridas – they could light lamps by singing a particular raga and they could generate heat in their system. We know by yogic practice how much heat you can generate in the system simply by uttering a sound. Irrespective of the weather, you can start sweating. Sweating is just a physical manifestation, but by experience you clearly know you can either create ushna or sheeta. The words “heat” and “cold” do not accurately represent what ushna and sheeta are. But because of lack of English vocabulary we will talk about ushna and sheeta as heat and coolness. Both can be generated in the system.

By using different sounds, we represent different seasons. There are six seasons in the Tamil calendar. Every two months is considered a different season. For each one of them, there is a raga.

So, is uttering sounds or listening to music or doing music in a specific way a kriya yoga? Right now you are uttering sounds as karma, which means external manifestation. The same thing can become an internal manifestation, creating an inner format for your own liberation. This is what I said when I told you to listen to these five chants of Vairagya. To go beyond color also means to go beyond karma, because karma is a kind of color.

When I say “colorless”, you may understand it as something negative – “Oh, nobody wants to be colorless.” Let us use the word “transparence”, because something that is colorless is also transparent. That which is transparent can take on any color.

Right now, the glass upon the window is useful only because it is colorless. Whatever the color of what is outside, you can see it simply because the glass is transparent or colorless. In the same way, if you bring yourself to a state where your vision is not colored, your eyes become colorless – they are not influenced by the past memory to give it a certain color. Only if your mind is not colored, if your intelligence is in a state of vairagya – that means it is transparent – that is when your intelligence will take you towards liberation. If your intelligence is colored, whatever you do, it will lead towards entanglement.

A Keen Ear

This is what the word “vairagya” means. “Vairag” literally means colorless, but what it is saying is transparence. If your mind becomes transparent, uninfluenced by whatever karmic colors you have gathered, you naturally move towards liberation because your intelligence will open the doorways to the Divine.

If your whole body can listen, what is just entertainment can become kriya yoga for sure.

So is music a kriya yoga? It definitely can be transformed into a kriya if the listener is of a certain quality. The quality of the music is not just with the musician. It is mainly in the audience – how keenly one can listen. You must understand this – if your listening becomes very keen, then listening is not just in your eardrums. The reverberation of the eardrums are not the whole thing – every cell in your body will reverberate.

This is why the cobra is held as the height of perception because he has his ears to the ground. A snake is stone-deaf – it has no hearing mechanism, but he hears everything because he puts his whole body to the ground and listens. To the extent that it is necessary for him, he knows everything that happens in the planet because he has literally got the ear to the ground – the whole body is listening. If your whole body can listen, what is just entertainment can become kriya yoga for sure.


What is Gnana Yoga?

September 19, 2012

3 min read

Summary: Gnana means "to know". To pursue gnana yoga, you must have a very sharp and alert intellect. It should be razor sharp, to a point where it does not miss anything, but it is not influenced by anything happening around it. Sadhguru says - “What I know, I know. What I do not know, I do not know.” This is gnana.

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Gnana Yoga

Sadhguru: Gnana does not mean to philosophize, gnana means “to know.” Unfortunately, philosophy is mostly passing off as gnana yoga today. Fundamentally, if you want to pursue gnana, you need a very alert, sharp intellect. Every day and every moment you must slowly sharpen your intellect to a point where it is like razor sharp. It misses nothing. It can go through anything, but nothing sticks to it, it is not influenced by anything that is happening around. This is gnana.

If you can keep your intellect like that, it will naturally penetrate through the process of life and show you what is true and what is not true, what is real and what is not real. But today, people have just jumped to conclusions. They have made philosophies. People openly talk, “Everything is maya. It is all illusion, so why worry?” They are just trying to console themselves. But when maya gets them properly, all their philosophies will evaporate.

“What I know, I know. What I do not know, I do not know.” This is gnana.

It happened to a philosopher: he was going about with great strength, “Everything is maya, don’t bother about anything. The whole world that you experience is all illusion.” Once it so happened, he was walking with two of his monks. A rabid monkey which had gone crazy started chasing him in full fury. The philosopher just screamed and ran. After a while the monkey found some other attraction and went away.

The philosopher stopped and realized that all this “maya teaching” suddenly fell down. “Monkey is also maya, monkey’s madness is also maya. Monkey is going to bite me, that is also maya. Why did I run like this?” It just hit him so strong. From then on, he was never the same man again.

So talking about the illusory nature of the world, or talking about the Creation and Creator, or believing that the world is like this or that, is not gnana. Gnana yogis cannot afford to believe or identify themselves with anything. The moment they do, the sharpness and effectiveness of the intellect is over. Unfortunately, today in the name of gnana, people just believe so many things – “I am atman, I am paramatman.” They believe in how the arrangement of the cosmos is, the shape and size of the soul, how it will transcend; they read all this in books. This is not gnana yoga, because you are just believing something. People who walk the path of gnana are people whose intellect is such that they are not willing to believe anything, nor do they disbelieve anything. “What I know, I know. What I do not know, I do not know.” This is gnana.


Is Gnana Yoga About Sharpening The Intellect?

April 17, 2017

4 min read

Summary: Intellect is a wonderful faculty of a human being, and is absolutely essential for survival. A gnana yogi, begins by using his intellect, and ultimately realizes it's limitations. Unfortunately in contemporary societies, intellect has been granted a disproportionately large significance. A gnana yogi, realizes that intellect is of no use when it comes to the mystical dimensions. Sadhguru says - "Gradually, those on the gnana yoga path learn to access the deepest dimension of human intelligence, which connects them with the very basis of creation. This realm is known as chitta."

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Accessing Pure Intelligence on the Path of Gnana Yoga

Sadhguru: In modern times, the human mind is increasingly seen as a source of torment rather than wonder. Unfortunately, a source of magic has turned into a mess, a miraculous instrument into a misery-manufacturing machine.

How did the mind become a circus? Given that gnana yoga – the path of “knowing” – is considered to be a time-honored path to the divine, what went wrong? Is the mind no longer capable of leading us to our ultimate destination?

All human beings are capable of becoming the sole architects of their inner lives, if they knew how to use the mind. The problem is just that their mind is not taking instructions from them. Imagine a caveman punching a computer keyboard: the result would look like a series of obscenities! That sums up the way most people use their minds.

The Essence of Intellect

A gnana yogi begins by using his intellect, but soon realizes the limitations of this faculty. The function of the intellect is essentially to recycle data gathered from the outside world via the sense organs. In short, the intellect is pure information technology. It is a wonderful instrument, and absolutely vital for our survival. It has contributed immeasurably towards human culture and civilization.

A gnana yogi begins by using his intellect, but soon realizes the limitations of this faculty.

However, the problem today is that the intellect has assumed a disproportionately important role. The essence of the intellect is to divide. So humanity has embarked on a journey of wholesale dissection. We have split everything, including the invisible atom.

We have forgotten that human logic is necessarily limited because it is based on fragmentary and inaccurate information from our sense organs. It is said that when the first European ships went to North America, the native tribes could see people coming towards them, but they could not see the ship. This was simply because they had never seen a ship before. Whether this story is true or apocryphal, it is a fact that if there is no past information about an object in your mind, you cannot even perceive it. It is not religion that tells us this, but modern neuroscience.

Approaching the Infinite

The gnana yogi begins to realize that when it comes to the mystical dimension, the intellect is of no consequence. He sees that however great the volume, the data gathered by the intellect will always remain finite. It is impossible to approach the infinite through the finite. And so, the gnana yogi learns to use the intellect the way a drunkard uses a lamp post – for support rather than illumination. He does not seek a PhD to validate the knowledge he has amassed. Instead, he understands that the intellect is an instrument of analysis, not perception. To perceive, another faculty is required.

At the same time, probably nowhere else in the world has the intellect been used with the devastating precision as it has in India. The Indian subcontinent has seen metaphysical logic at its ultimate. The sophisticated levels of Vedantin philosophizing can leave you dizzy and intoxicated. But gradually, true sadhakas realize all the heady excitement isn’t really getting them anywhere.

Pure Intelligence

Gradually, those on the gnana yoga path learn to access the deepest dimension of human intelligence, which connects them with the very basis of creation. This realm is known as chitta. They realize that if you soak your intellect in chitta – consciousness unsullied by memory – it can grow razor-sharp, turn into a miraculous tool of bliss and liberation, and deliver you effortlessly to the ultimate.

Those on the gnana yoga path learn to access the deepest dimension of human intelligence, which connects them with the very basis of creation. This realm is known as chitta.

If you look at your body, you realize what an incredibly complex chemical factory it is. There is undeniably a profound intelligence managing this great chemical dance. But do you think you will ever be able to conduct this chemical dance intellectually? You cannot manage a single cell in your body that way!

The phenomenal dance of chemistry and neurons within the human system is conducted by none other than chitta or pure intelligence. And this pure intelligence is not different from what we refer to as God or the Creator. If you operate out of the straitjacket of logic, you just remain a clown in the circus of life. But when you operate from the unbounded dimension of chitta, you become a blissful participant in the life process. The mind is no more a circus. Now, life is nothing short of a dance – a superbly choreographed dance between you and the entire cosmos.


What Is Bhakti Yoga?

January 26, 2015

6 min read

Summary: Sadhguru says, that there was a time when emotion was the most dominant part of a human being. It is not so now, but still it is the most intense part. People can not sustain intensity in their body, mind or energies. But emotions can get very intense. Bhakti yoga uses the intensity of emotion to reach the ultimate. Bhakti yoga, or devotion, is a multiplied or enhanced form of love affair. Sadhguru says, you can not practice devotion, but one can do certain things to naturally become a devotee.

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Bhakti Yoga: The Nature of Devotion

Sadhguru: Right now, the only things that are in your experience are your body, your mind, and your emotions. You know them to some extent, and you can infer that if these three things have to happen the way they are happening, there must be an energy that makes them happen. Without energy, all this cannot be happening. For example, a microphone amplifies sound. Even if you don’t know anything about the microphone, you can infer that there is a source that powers it.

These are the only four realities in your life: body, mind, emotion, and energy. Whatever you wish to do with yourself, it must be on these four levels. If you use your emotions and try to reach the ultimate, we call this bhakti yoga, the path of devotion. If you use your intelligence and try to reach the ultimate, we call this gnana yoga, the path of intelligence. If you use your body, or physical action to reach the ultimate, we call this karma yoga, the path of action. If you transform your energies and try to reach the ultimate, we call this kriya yoga, that means internal action. These are the only four ways you can work with yourself.

What is bhakti yoga?

There was a time when the most dominant factor in a human being was his emotion. Today, emotion is not the most dominant part in you but it is still the most intense part in you. Most people are not able to get their physical body to a high level of intensity. It takes a lot of effort to keep the body intense. People can keep the mind intense off and on, but very few people are capable sustaining an intense mind. In energy, people are generally not at all intense. They know only certain moments of intensity, not a steady state of intensity. But emotion can get very intense. If not love, at least in anger you are intense. In some emotion you are capable of being intense. If I cannot make you get intense with love or joy, if I abuse you, you will become intense with anger at least – intense to a point where you will not sleep the whole night. If I tell you, “Please sit and stay awake. I will teach yoga,” you will drop off to sleep. But if I abuse you, you will sit awake the whole night. Angry people cannot sleep, isn’t it? So emotion has always been the dominant factor in human beings.

Bhakti yoga: Using intensity of emotion

The only thing is, emotion can take different forms. It can take very sweet and wonderful forms, it can take absolutely nasty and horrendous forms. The thing is to train it to take a sweet and beautiful form. Devotion is a way of transforming your emotion from negativity to pleasantness. Just see, people who have fallen in love do not care about what is happening in the world. The way they are, you think they are unrealistic. It is just that they have made their emotions pleasant, so their life is beautiful. That is the state of a devotee. Devotion is a multiplied and enhanced version of a love affair. A devotee is in an unfailing kind of love affair because if you fall in love with a man or a woman, they do not go the way you expect them to, and it eventually gets into some trouble. That is why people choose God. It is simply a love affair, and you are not expecting any response. Your life becomes utterly beautiful because your emotion has become so sweet. Through that sweetness, one grows. That is devotion.

Devotion is another dimension of intelligence. Intellect wants to conquer the truth. Devotion just embraces the truth. Devotion cannot decipher but devotion can experience. Intellect can decipher but can never experience. This is the choice one has to make.

Devotion: A question of perspective

When you are overwhelmed by something or someone, you naturally become devout. But if you try to practice devotion, it creates problems because the line between devotion and deception is very thin – it will lead you into so many kinds of hallucinations. So you cannot practice devotion, but you can do certain things so that you arrive at devotion.

If you just recognize one thing, you will naturally become a devotee: the cosmos is very large. You do not know where it begins or where it ends. There are hundreds of billions of galaxies. In this vast cosmos, this solar system is a tiny speck. If the solar system disappears tomorrow, it will not even be noticed in the cosmos. In this tiny speck of a solar system, planet earth is a micro speck. In this micro speck of a planet, the city you live in is a super-micro speck. In that, you are a big man! This is a serious problem of perspective. It is only because of this that there is no devotion in you.

If you cannot imagine the vastness, the Hubble telescope has brought in all kinds of fantastic pictures which are on the internet. Just look at the pictures and see how endless it is. Or go out at night, switch off the lights and look at the sky. You don’t know where it begins or where it ends, and here you are a micro-super-micro speck of dust, spinning on a planet, not knowing where you come from or where you will go. It will be very natural for you to be devout. You will bow down to everything you see. If you just look at yourself with reference to the rest of the creation, there is no other way to go. It is only because people have lost perspective of who they are and what their place in this existence is, that they have become arrogant fools.

With all our science, we have not figured even a single atom in its entirety. We know things in bits and pieces, we know how to use them but we do not know what it is. If you realize this, if you observe everything, a leaf, a flower, an atom, a bird, an animal, an ant, you cannot understand one thing in its entirety. Then you will bow down to everything. Even an atom is beyond your grasp. That is the nature of creation. If you pay attention to the nature of creation, how can you not be a devotee?

One simple thing you can do is consider everything in this existence as higher than yourself. The stars are definitely higher, but try seeing the little pebble on the street as higher than yourself. Anyway, it is more permanent, more stable than you. It can sit still forever! If you learn to look at everything around you with attention and care, you will realize that you can not even figure the nature of an atom in its entirety. Everything is above your intelligence. Everything is higher than yourself, you will naturally become devout.

A devotee knows things that you cannot even imagine. He can grasp things that you have to struggle with because there is not much of him within himself. When you are too full of self, there is no room for anything higher to happen.

Devotion does not mean you have to be a temple-going, pooja-doing, coconut-breaking person. A devotee has understood what his place in the existence is. If you have understood this and are conscious of it, you will walk as a devout person. There is no other way to be. It is a very intelligent way to exist.


What Is Devotion?

July 9, 2015

3 min read

Summary: Sadhguru says that devotion is like having a love affair with the creation. What people usually call love, is not love, but discrimination. Because they love one person and hate another. "Whether it is a tree, an insect, a bird, an animal, a man, a woman, or a child – learn to look at everything the same way. Without transcending this discriminatory mind, without establishing a non-discriminatory way of looking at everything, you will never be a yogi".

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From Discrimination to Yoga

Sadhguru: Devotion is like a love affair with creation. Generally, people’s idea of love is discrimination. You love one person, not the other. If you look at one person, you are full of sweet emotions. If you look at the next person, you are full of negative emotions. This is discrimination, not love. Because there are needs to be fulfilled, you play this trick. You would hate me too if I did not fulfill your needs.

Whether it is a tree, an insect, a bird, an animal, a man, a woman, or a child – learn to look at everything the same way.

Somewhere, you have physical, emotional, psychological, maybe economic, and whatever other kinds of needs. If the person that you claim to love does not fulfill your needs, your love affair will turn into hate affair.

If you really want to know the sweetness of love, bhakti is needed. Bhakti means, at least initially, to constantly, consciously practice not to discriminate. Whether it is a tree, an insect, a bird, an animal, a man, a woman, or a child – learn to look at everything the same way.

If you think one piece of creation is more or less than another, you have completely missed the craft of creation. That which is the source of creation has paid as much attention to creating an ant as it has to creating a human being. If the Creator is willing to pay that much attention to an ant, does it not deserve your attention? Bhakti means to be non-discriminatory.

Look At Everything The Same Way

If you have no emotion, look at everything with no emotion. If you have emotion, look at everything with emotion. Both are fine with me. Do not try to force sweetness that you do not have. If you have absolutely no emotion for anything, if you look at everything the same way, that will also work. The important thing is not to further divide the world.

Yoga means to constantly see how to remove the boundary that has until now separated you from the rest of the universe.

Right now, there is a division between what you consider as yourself and what is not. Yoga means trying to transcend that division. With thoughts such as “I like this – I don’t like that. This is okay – that is not okay. I love this – I hate that,” you are further dividing the world. With that kind of attitude, it will just be a stupid exercise and you call it yoga – it is not going to work.

Yoga means to constantly see how to remove the boundary that has until now separated you from the rest of the universe. An individual transforming himself or herself into a universal nature is yoga. If you do not remove this boundary but establish it further, you may do circus in the morning and evening, but you cannot call this yoga.

Living a life of fulfillment, living a life of knowing, living a life of merging with the universe, becoming larger than the physical self is the only worthwhile thing to do. If you have paid attention to life and you are not a deprived human being, you will know the only worthwhile thing to do in the world is to become larger than the trap of this body. Without transcending this discriminatory mind, without establishing a non-discriminatory way of looking at everything, you will never be a yogi.


Devotion – Be Always Available To Grace

October 7, 2017

9 min read

Summary: Sadhguru says - "Once one begins to transform one’s energy into a higher possibility, into a subtler possibility, one cannot say in how many ways and in how many forms that which is the source of existence will reach out". So, you must keep all doors and windows open. If you are in a state of devotion, it is a simple way to receive. Sadhguru says - "So that is what devotion is – a suction pump. If you are a devotee, it is devoid of you. You do not exist, so you are like a vacuum. Wherever he is, he has to come out".

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Devotion: Keeping All Doors Open

Sadhguru: Once one begins to transform one’s energy into a higher possibility, into a subtler possibility, one cannot say in how many ways and in how many forms that which is the source of existence will reach out. This has been the experience of all those beings who have allowed grace to be the most significant part of their life. In what form and in what way it reaches out, you can never say. So it is most important to keep all doors open, keep all windows open, keep everything open, without having preconceived ideas about, “This cannot be that, that cannot be this,” because that is the greatest impediment. It may come in the form of a bee. What were you doing all this time? You were just “bee-ing.” If Divine approaches you in the form of a bee, will you say “No, come as a hornet!” Do not do that to yourself.

In What Form It Comes

That is what devotion means – that all doors are open. “How do I know? I may do something stupid keeping all doors open.” It is possible that you may do something stupid. But keeping the doors closed is the most stupid thing that you can do. Right now, if the breeze is blowing gently from a particular direction, if you look in that direction, there are any number of industries and people and all kinds of things who may be spewing poison. Now you have no choice. Let’s say you think, “If I keep this open, that poison may come and go into my nostril and kill me,” and you close both your nostrils. Now you do not need poison to kill you – you yourself are enough. If your doors are closed, you will become unavailable to the process of grace. Without the nourishment of grace, for one trying to reach his ultimate nature – it would not be right to say impossible, but it is not probable. Is it impossible to put up a ladder to the sun and climb? Probably it will never happen, but we cannot say for certain because who knows what kind of a ladder maker you are.

So you do not know in what form it comes. It will not carry a board. This bee will not have written on its forehead, “I am a divine agent.” It does not come like that – it just comes like a bee, as a bee should come. It will not come announcing loudly. It will come like the gentle breeze. That is the only reason why humanity has missed it, because it does not come with a label attached. Today people have become like this, that unless there is a label and content details, they will not touch anything. But grace does not come like that. It just comes like gentle breeze. It may come like a bee, or it may come like a fly. So to be in a state of devotion is a simple way to receive. To be in a state of defense is a simple way to avoid. Your problem is just this: you are too lost in your instinct of self-preservation. This instinct of self-preservation is a shield against everything. Devotion means to be devoid of that, to simply be here.

Good Fortune

A 90-year old man was given a grand birthday party in a restaurant. They invited lots of people. He was very excited and he went. When the food was served, he realized that he came without his dentures. He said, “I forgot to get my dentures, so the only thing that I can have is the soup.” The man who was sitting next to him said, “No problem, Pop,” and pulled out a pair of dentures and gave it to him. He tried, but it was too tight. He said, “No, this is too tight for me.” The man took it back and pulled out another pair and said, “Try this, Pop.” He tried. He said, “It’s too big.” He put that in and pulled out another one and gave it to him. It fit reasonably well. He said, “Thank you very much,” and he finished his dinner. Then he pulled out the dentures, washed them and gave it back to the man and said, “It’s really my fortune today. I do not know if I will see one more birthday. It is really my fortune that a dentist was seated next to me, otherwise what would I have done with this good dinner?” That man said, “No, I’m not a dentist, I’m an undertaker.”

So in what form it comes, it does not matter. At that moment, you got your dentures. That is all that matters, right? Devotion means you are open to the possibility of life. “Oh, if somebody cons me, what do I do?” If someone cons you, at least you can die cursing. If you conned yourself out of your own life, who the hell are you going to curse? It is like golf. If it was cricket, if it was baseball, you would have cursed somebody. But it is like golf – who do you curse? You just have to curse yourself. There is nobody else to curse. So it is better that at least you die cursing somebody rather than not knowing whom to curse. And if you conned yourself out of your own life, the chances of somebody conning you is minimal. That is a chance we have to take in life. We can be alert to a few things, but still open.

Jumping Off

The thing about taking the chance is like this – going back to the game: if you hear a tucckk and then, “Damn”, that is golf. If you say, “Damn,” and then you become a tucckk, that is called sky diving. Which is better? Tucckk, damn – okay, at least you did it. Ball did not go to the hole, but at least you whacked it. It is better that life happens to you, maybe not exactly the way you thought it would, but at least it happened to you. If you do not let it happen because of the fear that it may not happen the way you think it should, it is a horrible crime. In fact, if it happens in a way that you never thought it would happen, usually it is a better way than the way you think. If you know how to maintain the steadiness of your mind and the sweetness of your emotion, then whichever way it happens, it is a beautiful way. But if your mind becomes unsteady and emotions get nasty, that is when everything has gone bad. If these two things are kept, then no matter what events are happening in your life, you are very stable in your mind and very sweet in your emotion. Is it not a beautiful thing, whatever may be happening?

If you jumped off and your parachute did not open, but you are stable in your mind and sweet in your emotion, is it not a beautiful experience? You will not know the tucckk. It is only others that have to suffer that, not you. But at least you still enjoy the fall; stopping, you will not know. I have been near those situations, so I know. You will not know, but with sweet emotion and a stable mind, just falling from the sky, you know what a fantastic experience it is? You never know, the planet is moving anyway – you may miss it. You are capable of missing a moving target. There are some risks of keeping the doors open, yes, but the great risk of never allowing life to happen, that risk is gone.

A Divine Thief?

How many times in your life did you get outright conned by somebody? Maybe once or twice? If you are working on Wall Street, maybe five times. Out of thousands and thousands that you have met, if five people tried to con you, that is not a big deal, is it? I am not saying your intelligence should be put to sleep. But only if you have your doors open will it become a necessity to keep your intelligence on all the time. You will be alert to everything. But if you shut your doors, you can put your intelligence also to sleep – this will invariably happen.

You do not know in what form it will come. Divine may come in the form of a thief. There have been any number of stories where even if a thief comes, a saint or sage welcomed him and asked him to take what is there, all that kind of stuff. He is not being a fool – he just does not want to take a chance. Just in case God came in the form of a thief, he does not want to miss it. Even if he really came as a thief, if you treat him like a God, who knows, the guy may transform himself right there; it has happened any number of times. It is not that God is going to disguise himself as a thief and come – it is your ability to pull out the divine even from the lousiest human being that you see. He has got it well disguised. It is your business to pull him out, so that wherever you see him, he does not get away.

Opening All the Branches

So that is what devotion is – a suction pump. If you are a devotee, it is devoid of you. You do not exist, so you are like a vacuum. Wherever he is, he has to come out. Whether it is a tree or a bird or an animal or a man or a bee, he has to come out. He cannot escape. So if this is going well, then you can open up more. It once happened, on the streets of San Francisco there was a beggar. Every day the beggar sat outside a restaurant, and a business man would come every day for breakfast. When he came out, this beggar would always stretch out his hand, and the business man, whatever little change that he had, he would put it and go. Then one day he noticed the beggar, instead of putting out one hand, was putting out both his hands. He stopped and asked, “Every day I have seen you. For so many years, you would stretch out only one hand, now why are you stretching out two hands?” The beggar said, “The business has been so good, I decided to open one more branch.” It is time you open up all the branches you can.

Right now business is good, so all the branches should open out. If all of them do not open, it amounts to you being disabled. It is time to open up all the branches.


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